Thinking Music Theory 101: Minor Scales
There are many minor scales to choose from, but today we’re going to stick the Natural Minor.
When a major scale is played is tends to sound “happy” or “uplifting” but when a minor scale is played it tends to sound “sad” or “depressing” depending on the rhythm that is being performed.
note: If this is your first time reading this lesson, then I would suggest to start with the very first lesson. Things could get confusing, you need to start here first to understand this lesson.
Natural Minor Scale
Many forms of music use the minor scale, like hip-hop, funk, soul, or even jazz. As said before there are many forms of the minor scales, but the major difference between a major and minor scales is the third degree or note.
The major third degree will suddenly be lowered a half step which would result in the minor third.
C Natural Minor Scale
This scale is made up of a sequence of whole steps and half steps. Look below and see how the scale in constructed.
When you construct the scale it would be the same as any other scale. Starting with the root note and you just build from there, using the minor scale formula. Don’t forget the sharps and flats if needed.
“A” natural minor scale. Using both treble and bass clef.
D natural minor scale.
Now it’s your turn to build the rest of the scales. Take your time.
Relative Minors Keys
Natural minor chords or scales all pertain to a major relative key. For example the A natural minor scale notes are exactly like the C major scale notes. The A minor scale would be relative to the C major scale. Think of it like the members of your family.
To find the relative key to the minor scale all you have to do is count a minor third or three half steps to the relative. The A natural minor key is exactly three half steps distance from the C major key.
Here’s a bit of home work for you. I have all minor keys, now it’s your turn to find it’s relative by just counting up a minor third or three half steps.
That’s it for now, go over these exercises and make sure to review them.
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